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Advent of the Europeans in India

The geographical discoveries towards the end of 15th centuries brought a number of European trading companies to India through the sea route. This opened a new course in Indian History, which led to the foundation of the British rule in India finally. A Portuguese where the first to come the


1857 Capture of Bahadur Shah II

A rumor had spread that the new cartridge contained the fat of cow and pig. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialed. On 10th May 1857 men of 3rd Light Cavalry stormed the barracks jail and released their comrades. Soon the Indian

Rise of Magadha

Origins of the early state A new phase of political development in the Eastern Gangetic plains started when Koshala, Avanti, Vatsa and Magadha mahajanapadas established their hegemony over others. Rise of Magadha Bimbisara Magadha rose into prominence under the rule of Bimbisara of Haryanka dynasty.  Most probably, he overthrew the Brihadrathas from Magadha and

Jainism- Religion, Scripture and Philosophy

Jainism-Rock Cut Statues at Gwalior

The followers of this religion believe that its roots within India are even older than the Vedic Religion. The naked statues resembling the Jain monks amongst the remains of the Indus Valley Civilization, do substantiate some of the claims.  However, there is no conclusive evidence. Origin According to Jain tradition, the first

Vedanta or Uttar Mimamsa Philosophy

Shankaracharya- Advaita Vedanta

‘Vedanta’ literally means’ the conclusion of the ‘Vedas’.Primarily the word stood for the Upanishads though afterwards its denotation widened to include all thoughts, developed out of the Upanishads. The central theme is that enunciated in the Upanishads - the doctrine of Brahman and the embodiment of the unconditioned self. The great

Mimamsa Philosophy

mimamsa philosophy

The Mimamsa is called the Purva-Mimamsa while Vedanta is called the Uttra-Mimamsa. Jaimini’s sutra in twelve elaborate chapters, laid the foundation of Purva Mimansa. Sabarswami wrote the major commentary or Bhashya on this work. The two most important mimansak are Kumarila Bhatta and Prabhakara, who founded the two schools of Mimansa. Mimamsa

Vaisheshika Philosophy

The Vaisheshika school was founded by Kanada in the 6th Century B.C., and it is atomist and pluralist in nature. The basis of the school's philosophy is that all objects in the physical universe are reducible to a finite number of atoms, and Brahman is regarded as the fundamental force that causes consciousness in these atoms. The earliest systematic exposition of the Vaisheshika