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The Rise and Fall of Maratha Power

The Marathas, organised under Shivaji, posed the most formidable challenge to the Mughal Empire. Shahu the grandson of Shivaji was imprisoned by Aurangzeb in 1689 and released in 1707 after his death.            Balaji Vishwanath, the Peshwa of King Shahu led the Marathas to become a strong power in the Deccan.

British Conquest of Bengal

Battle of Plassey (1757): Misinterpretation of the Mughal firman granted to the British in 1717 and the misuse of Dastaks (free passes) became the source of constant tension between the Bengal Nawabs and EIC. Siraj-ud-daulah the young Nawab of Bengal wanted the company to work under certain restrictions but after

Anglo-French rivalry In Carnatic

Carnatic became the theatre of a 20 years’ struggle between the French and the English for Supremacy, which ultimately resulted in the overthrow of the French power in India. First Carnatic War (1745-48) The English Navy under Barnatte captured the French ships in 1745 and Duplex, the French Governor captured Madras in

Advent of the Europeans in India

The geographical discoveries towards the end of 15th centuries brought a number of European trading companies to India through the sea route. This opened a new course in Indian History, which led to the foundation of the British rule in India finally. A Portuguese where the first to come the


1857 Capture of Bahadur Shah II

A rumor had spread that the new cartridge contained the fat of cow and pig. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialed. On 10th May 1857 men of 3rd Light Cavalry stormed the barracks jail and released their comrades. Soon the Indian

Rise of Magadha

Origins of the early state A new phase of political development in the Eastern Gangetic plains started when Koshala, Avanti, Vatsa and Magadha mahajanapadas established their hegemony over others. Rise of Magadha Bimbisara Magadha rose into prominence under the rule of Bimbisara of Haryanka dynasty.  Most probably, he overthrew the Brihadrathas from Magadha and

Jainism- Religion, Scripture and Philosophy

Jainism-Rock Cut Statues at Gwalior

The followers of this religion believe that its roots within India are even older than the Vedic Religion. The naked statues resembling the Jain monks amongst the remains of the Indus Valley Civilization, do substantiate some of the claims.  However, there is no conclusive evidence. Origin According to Jain tradition, the first