The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word, Vihāra , meaning "abode". The region roughly encompassing the present state was dotted with Buddhist vihara, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. Medieval writer Minhaj al-Siraj Juzjani records in the Tabakat-i-Nasiri that in 1198, Bakhtiyar Khalji committed a massacre in a town now known as Bihar Sharif, about
The Marathas, organised under Shivaji, posed the most formidable challenge to the Mughal Empire. Shahu the grandson of Shivaji was imprisoned by Aurangzeb in 1689 and released in 1707 after his death. Balaji Vishwanath, the Peshwa of King Shahu led the Marathas to become a strong power in the Deccan.
Battle of Plassey (1757): Misinterpretation of the Mughal firman granted to the British in 1717 and the misuse of Dastaks (free passes) became the source of constant tension between the Bengal Nawabs and EIC. Siraj-ud-daulah the young Nawab of Bengal wanted the company to work under certain restrictions but after
Carnatic became the theatre of a 20 years’ struggle between the French and the English for Supremacy, which ultimately resulted in the overthrow of the French power in India. First Carnatic War (1745-48) The English Navy under Barnatte captured the French ships in 1745 and Duplex, the French Governor captured Madras in
The geographical discoveries towards the end of 15th centuries brought a number of European trading companies to India through the sea route. This opened a new course in Indian History, which led to the foundation of the British rule in India finally. A Portuguese where the first to come the
Origins of the early state A new phase of political development in the Eastern Gangetic plains started when Koshala, Avanti, Vatsa and Magadha mahajanapadas established their hegemony over others. Rise of Magadha Bimbisara Magadha rose into prominence under the rule of Bimbisara of Haryanka dynasty. Most probably, he overthrew the Brihadrathas from Magadha and
Political Structure in Vedic Era A different concept of society in India developed with the Aryans, in the early Vedic period. The Early Vedic saw the upsurge of kingdom, which was tribal in character. Each tribe formed a separate kingdom. The basic unit of the political organisation was family and a
The Ajivikas belonged to an ancient Indian sect of naked wandering ascetics who believed in karma, fatalism and extreme passivity. They were a popular sect during the reign of Bindusara, the Mauryan emperor. He and his wife were said to be followers of this section. The sect is also mentioned