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Nobel Prizes 2016

  1. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2016– David J. Thouless, F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz: “for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter”
  2. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016- Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa: “for the design and synthesis of molecular machines”
  3. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016-Yoshinori Ohsumi: “for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy”
  4. The Nobel Prize in Literature 2016– Bob Dylan: “for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition”
  5. The Nobel Peace Prize 2016– Juan Manuel Santos: “for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end”
  6. The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2016- Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmström: “for their contributions to contract theory”

Facts about Nobel Prize:

  • The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award available in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace, and economics.
  • The Nobel Prize  is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, and/or scientific advances.
  • The will of the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes in 1895.
  • The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901.
  • Medals made before 1980 were struck in 23 carat gold, and later from 18 carat green gold plated with a 24 carat gold coating.
  • Between 1901 and 2015, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 573 times to 900 people and organisations. With some receiving the Nobel Prize more than once, this makes a total of 23 organisations, and 870 individuals—of whom 48 were women.
  • The prize ceremonies take place annually in Stockholm, Sweden (with the exception of the peace prize, which is held in Oslo, Norway).
  • Each recipient, or laureate, receives a gold medal, a diploma, and a sum of money that has been decided by the Nobel Foundation. (As of 2012, each prize was worth SEK 8 million or about US$1.2 million, €0.93 million, or £0.6 million.)
  • The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Nobel Prize in Physics, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences; the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet awards the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • The Swedish Academy grants the Nobel Prize in Literature; and the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded not by a Swedish organisation but by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.
  • The prize is not awarded posthumously; however, if a person is awarded a prize and dies before receiving it, the prize may still be presented.
  • Though the average number of laureates per prize increased substantially during the 20th century, a prize may not be shared among more than three people.
  • The Nobel Committee’s Physics Prize shortlist cited Wilhelm Röntgen’s discovery of X-rays and Philipp Lenard’s work on cathode rays. The Academy of Sciences selected Röntgen for the first Nobel prize in physics.
  • Van’t Hoff was awarded the prize for his contributions in chemical thermodynamics.
  • The first Physiology or Medicine Prize went to the German physiologist and microbiologist Emil von Behring. During the 1890s, von Behring developed an antitoxin to treat diphtheria, which until then was causing thousands of deaths each year.
  • The Swedish Academy chose the poet Sully Prudhomme for the first Nobel Prize in Literature.
  • The first Nobel Peace Prize went to the Swiss Jean Henri Dunant for his role in founding the International Red Cross Movement and initiating the Geneva Convention, and jointly given to French pacifist Frédéric Passy, founder of the Peace League and active with Dunant in the Alliance for Order and Civilization.

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