- Acording to the second Global Cyber security Index (GCI), released by the UN telecommunications agency International Telecommunication Union (ITU) India is ranked a high 23rd out of 165 nations. This is a global index that measures the commitment of nations across the world to cybersecurity. India is ranked 23rd on the index with a score of 0.683 and has been listed in the “maturing” category, which refers to 77 countries that have developed complex commitments to cybersecurity and engage in cybersecurity programmes and initiatives.The index has been topped by Singapore with a 0.925 score. The top 10 most committed countries to cyber security are Singapore, United States, Malaysia, Oman, Estonia, Mauritius, Australia, Georgia, France and Canada.
The report claimed that only about half of all countries have a cyber security strategy or are in the process of developing one and urged more countries to consider national policies to protect against cybercrime. “Cybersecurity is an ecosystem where laws, organisations, skills, cooperation and technical implementation need to be in harmony to be most effective,” stated the report, adding that cybersecurity is “becoming more and more relevant in the minds of countries’ decision makers.”The report said that about 38% of countries have a published cyber security strategy and an additional 12% of governments are in the process of developing one. The agency said more effort is needed in this critical area, particularly because it conveys that governments consider digital risks at high priority
The top 10 most committed countries to cyber security are Singapore with a 0.925 score, United States, Malaysia, Oman, Estonia, Mauritius, Australia, Georgia, France and Canada. The Index also shows the improvement and strengthening of the five pillars of the ITU Global Cyber security Agenda: legal, technical, organizational, capacity building and international cooperation, in addition to showing the overall cyber security commitment of ITU’s 193 member-states.
According to ITU, the threat is particularly worrying as in 2016, nearly 1% of all emails sent were essentially malicious attacks, the highest rate in recent years. Last month, a cyberattack crippled tens of thousands of machines around the world. It is unclear who was behind the attack. ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao said, “While the impact generated by cyberattacks, such as those carried out as recently as 27 June 2017, may not be eliminated completely, prevention and mitigation measures to reduce the risks posed by cyber-related threats can and should always be put in place.” The findings of the report show that there is space for further improvement in cooperation at all levels, which advocates for encouraging governments to consider national policies taking into account cyber security and encouraging
What is Global Cyber Security Index?
The Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) is a multi-stakeholder initiative to measure the commitment of countries to cybersecurity. Cybersecurity has a wide field of application that cuts across many industries and sectors. Each country’s level of development will therefore be analyzed within five categories: Legal Measures, Technical Measures, Organizational Measures, Capacity Building and Cooperation.
Enhancing security and building confidence in the use of ICTs is one of priority domains for Objective 3 of the Dubai Action Plan adopted at the 2014 World Telecommunication Development Conference.
Relevant mandate of BDT in ITU Cybersecurity related Resolutions
- ITU Plenipotentiary Resolutions: 181 (Guadalajara, 2010), 130, 174, 179 (Rev. Busan 2014)
- ITU WTDC Resolutions: 45, 67, 69 (Rev. Dubai, 2014)
- ITU WTSA Resolutions: 50, 52, 58 (Dubai, 2012)
- Securing information and communication networks: Best practices for developing a culture of cybersecurity: Study Group 1 Question 22-1/1 (2010-2014) & Study Group 2 Question 3/2 (2014-2018)
ITU Facilitates Action Line 5
A fundamental role of ITU, based on the guidance of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) and the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference, is to build confidence and security in the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).
At WSIS, Heads of States and world leaders entrusted ITU to be the Facilitator of Action Line C5, “Building confidence and security in the use of ICTs”, in response to which ITU launched, in 2007, the Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA), as a framework for international cooperation in this area.
Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA)
Launched in 2007 by the then ITU Secretary-General, Dr. Hamadoun I. Touré (2007 -2014), the ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) is a framework for international cooperation aimed at enhancing confidence and security in the information society. The GCA is designed for cooperation and efficiency, encouraging collaboration with and between all relevant partners and building on existing initiatives to avoid duplicating efforts.
Since its launch, the GCA has attracted the support and recognition of leaders and cybersecurity experts around the world. H.E. Dr. Óscar Arias Sánchez, Former President of the Republic of Costa Rica and Nobel Peace Laureate, and H.E. Blaise Compaoré, President of Burkina Faso, are both Patrons of the GCA.
The GCA has fostered initiatives such as the Child Online Protection and the ITU-IMPACT partnership, together with the support of leading global players from all stakeholder groups, is currently deploying cybersecurity solutions to countries around the world.
The GCA is built upon the following five strategic pillars, also known as work areas:
- Legal Measures
- Technical & Procedural Measures
- Organizational Structures
- Capacity Building
- International Cooperation